The sciatic nerves stem from the spinal cord, branching through the hip and buttocks area up to the legs. This particular nerve has the role of controlling numerous muscles in the bottom part of the legs. More so, it gives sensation to the thigh, leg, and feet. The sciatica illness develops when the root of the nerve is squeezed and constricted in the lower part of the spine. It is usually caused by the herniated disk in that part of the back.
The spinal cord is made in such a way that the disks are stuffed with gel- like matter which serves as shock absorber and cushion against movement. Once the exterior protection gets herniated, the gel- like matter can leak out, causing the disks to put pressure on the nerve root. This is the cause of the pain on the back and legs. When the damage is located in the lower area of the back, the pain can also be felt through the buttocks, legs, and feet. Aside from pain, it can also feel a little numb and weak.
Aside from the issue with disks, there are also other numerous sciatica causes. The following conditions can also cause you sciatic problems:
• Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: This condition involves the thinning of certain areas of the spine. The thinning usually occurs in the upper or lower area of the back. Then it happens in the lower area, some nerve roots can be affected.
• Spondylolisthesis: This illness is usually the outcome of a degenerative illness of the disk. It happens when one of the vertebras slides over onto another vertebra. The dislocated bone can put pressure on the sciatic nerve, thus causing pain
• Piriformis Syndrome: This condition happens when muscles tighten and go into spasm. The activity in the muscles puts force on the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica. Activities that can cause this are long car rides, accidents, and plunges.
• Spine tumor: Tumors can also grow in the spinal cord. Once a tumor grows bigger, it will put pressure on the various areas in the cord and the roots.
• Traumas: Intense blows and falls, such as those that happen during vehicular accidents, can cause some damage on the back area, as well as the interior part of the back.
• In other cases, the doctor may not be able to pinpoint the possible sciatica causes. Some may be due to bone problems, muscle problems, etc.
The illness is usually a result of a traumatic incident, imbalance in the muscles, or both. The usual thing that happens is that people get the help of a masseuse to ease the initial pain. Sometimes, patients undergo some physical therapy or take a break from doing extra physical activities and exercises. In most cases, the pain usually lessens. However, patients should be advised that if the piriformis muscle is not given much attention that it would not go back to its hundred percent healthy state, there will be a higher chance that you will experience sciatica for the rest of your life. Thus, it is crucial for a patient to ensure the 100 % recovery of that muscle. Its flexibility and overall function should be properly treated so that any muscle inconsistency will be eliminated.
Like all other muscle injuries, it is crucial that its strength and flexibility be cured before its recovery. Not doing so will prohibit the muscle from ever working properly again.
The kind of life you live and the habits you have formed over the years can also be potential sciatica causes of the illness.