The upper back is made up of a combination of parts — muscle, tendon, ligament and other elements all combine together to help in supporting and keeping the body upright. The thoracic spine is one such part. It is made up of bony structures, the vertebrae, which envelop the nerves within the spinal column. Sandwiched between two vertebrae are soft and malleable sacs of cartilage referred to as discs. These discs operate as safety pads and allow the back to be mobile and flexible. Any injury or harm that falls on any of these structures can cause internal inflammation which manifests as the common back pain that we all know and have gone through. The ensuing condition can either be simply uncomfortable – insignificant, or grave and severe.
You may move suddenly during a game of tennis and pull a back muscle, causing some pain in the area. People who are not used to being physically active are especially prone to these kinds of injury.
Or, on the other hand, the upper back pain can be rooted in something more serious, like fibromyalgia, spondylitis (which people sometimes refer to as an arthritic spine), or disc herniation. To illustrate, if a disc bulges, it can press against the nerve roots situated on the spine. This can result in upper back pain. The lower back is the usual location of pain. The discs found within this region are usually more prone to swell. Nonetheless, this is not to say that those located in the upper back do not undergo the same process of deterioration and aging. Moreover, you are also likely to feel upper back pain which is referred pain – pain which has its source in some other part of the body but is reflected on the upper back. The tension in the heart can be initially seen as an upper back pain.
This brings us to the fact that there are certain grave conditions which first manifest as upper back pain. You need to consult a doctor in such a case because of the possible severity of the mitigating condition. Some incidents of upper back pain have been linked to heart problems, kidney malfunctions, multiple myelomas, or tumor/cancer of the spine.
In less serious, but also quite painful, cases, there may be other back pain causes. People who are into sports which require frequent stretching and swinging motions are prone to upper back pain. So are individuals who expose themselves to joint/muscle fatigue by work which require them to stay in one single position for a prolonged period. Typists or data encoders belong to this group. So do sales people in a department store or boutique who are on their feet for the whole stretch of time that they are at work.
Even something as basic as bad posture can cause pain. If you do not hold your back erect, regardless of whether you are sitting down or standing up, you will feel back pain sooner or later. The back suffers if you tend to hunch or droop as a matter of habit. Some activities which encourage this stooping position may be bad for the back. Yard work and gardening fall under this category. If you stoop down to pick up a heavy object and lift it up without bending your legs, this is going to strain your back.
Accidents may also cause back pain. If you are hit on your back with an object, the impact can hurt the back. So can a strong pounding on the back. Athletes are prone to incur back injury due to these causes.2016-08-05